Sialyltransferase7A, a Klf4-responsive gene, promotes cardiomyocyte apoptosis during myocardial infarction
- 1 Department of Physiology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, People’s Republic of China, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Myocardial infarction (MI) is one major cause of heart failure through its induction of cardiomyocyte death. However, the molecular mechanisms associated with MI-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis in the context of sialylation of heart are not yet understood. In this study, we found that sialyltransferase7A (Siat7A), one of the members of sialyltransferase family, was significantly increased in the ischemic myocardium, as well as in the human cardiomyocyte cell line AC16 under hypoxic condition. The Sialyl-Tn antigen (Neu5Acα2-6GalNAc-O-Ser/Thr) synthesized by Siat7A also increased in the AC16 cardiomyocytes following hypoxic stimulus. Increased Siat7A promoted cardiomyocyte apoptosis. The knockdown of Siat7A expression reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis in both of vivo and vitro. Furthermore, the decreased extracellular signal-regulated kinase ERK1 and ERK2 (ERK1/2) activity was involved in the Siat7A-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Notably, we showed that Krüppel-like factor 4 (Klf4), one of the transcription factors, specifically bound to the Siat7A promoter by ChIP assays. Deletion and mutagenesis analysis identified that Klf4 could transactivate the Siat7A promoter region (nt -655 to -636 bp). The upregulated Siat7A expression, which was paralleled by the increased Klf4 in the ischemic myocardium, contributed to cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Our study suggests Siat7A could be a valuable target for developing treatments for MI patients.