Appl Microbiol Biotechnol . 2013 Jul;97(14):6301-14. doi: 10.1007/s00253-013-4787-z. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

Design, expression and characterization of a novel coexpression system of two antiarthritic molecules

Wei Zhang  1 Fang WangJinqi YanXiaojun ZhangYu WangYunbo JiangLin WangYuanji XuJiyun Yu

1 Department of Translational Medicine, Beijing Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing 100850, China. zhangweiyh@126.com

Abstract

The complexity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis makes combined blockade of multiple targets an attractive therapeutic strategy. The combination therapy with anti-TNF plus anti-T-cell has been mostly reported to provide greater efficacy than anti-TNF alone. TNFR (p75)-Fc fusion protein, which has been proven effective in clinics, is chosen as the TNF antagonist in this study. CTLA4-FasL fusion molecule, which has been well characterized in our previous studies for its suppressive effect in rat arthritis model, is chosen as the T-cell antagonist. In this study, furin cleavage site and 2A self-processing sequence were introduced to link upstream TNFR-Fc and downstream CTLA4-FasL and mediate separate coexpression of the two fusion proteins in a single recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector. Using this expression system, we generated two fusion proteins with same size as their individual counterparts in vitro and in vivo, and the proteins desirably retained their parent biological activities. In vivo results demonstrated that furin-2A technology is able to regulate separate coexpression of these proteins under arthritic inflammatory conditions. This study describes a single rAAV vector for production of two antiarthritic molecules antagonizing both TNF and T cells, which may serve as an attractive expression system for RA gene therapy.

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